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With rising cases of investors losing their hard-earned money, securities fraud is becoming a topic of interest. Are you wondering what it entails? Worry no more! Here, we have prepared answers to commonly asked questions, to ease the work for you.
What is securities fraud?
As its name suggests, securities fraud (also known as investment fraud or stock fraud) is a series of illegal activities that are common in the stock markets. They involve the misrepresentation of facts or information meant to help investors in decision making. We came across this article recently : TG Daily Securities Fraud Defense Questions – which already dives deep into the most common questions revolving around securities and subsequent scams. We recommend you give it a read.
Are there any laws governing securities fraud?
Yes! Regardless of your country or area of residence, stock fraud is not only a criminal offense but also a civil tort. Each country will usually have regulations that are codified in statutes and Acts.
Furthermore, judicial precedents or judge-made laws also provide a basis for the regulation of securities fraud.
Who can commit investment fraud?
Anybody can commit the said crime. Consequently, any legal person can be subjected to the laws governing investment fraud. They include:
- Natural persons; this includes individuals such as stockbrokers, or people posing as investment advisors.
- Juristic persons; here, we have organizations, entities, corporations, and firms such as brokerage firms.
What are the common types of securities fraud?
There are a dozen forms of investment fraud, often categorized depending on how they are committed. The common examples include:
- Internet fraud/ market manipulation
It is a form of investment fraud that utilizes internet platforms like e-mails and chat rooms. Here, the perpetrators generate and spread fraudulent information about stocks. Their goal is to increase or decrease the price in those stocks and then sell their shares.
- Illegal distributions
This involves trading in securities contrary to the laws of the land. The main examples of illegal distributions include pyramid and Ponzi schemes.
You have probably been a victim, or knows someone who has. In essence, the schemes unsuspecting victims, who invest their funds and bring in more people under them. They then use the money invested by subsequent investors to pay the prior investors.
- Insider trading
This is likened to a mole in a typical investigations team. In investment fraud, an insider who has access to privileged information uses it to meet their ends.
For instance, he can disclose it to another third party who will subsequently become an insider as well.
What are the tricks and hacks to employ to avoid being a victim?
You may not run away from fraudsters, but you can protect yourself by doing the following:
- Always be curious. Understand every aspect of the investment.
- Consult registered advisors!
- Watch out for red flags, such as unrealistic investment returns
Are you someone who has an incredible business idea in mind and looking for sources to finance your idea? Are you someone who is opting to set up a start-up but not sure where to start? Well, worry no more because we have compiled a list of sources, which you can consider when looking for a way to fund your start-up. Let us look at them one by one.
Getting a Bank Loan
For Entrepreneurs, Banks are supermarkets, where they can get finance for their business. Banks provide various packages or plans, which you can choose as per your needs or wants. Usually, the financing plans are of three basic types including short term, mid-term and long term plans. These plans contain finance for all things you need for your business including equipment, working capital, real estate and any other asset needs. Banks want you to provide them with some kind of security when you seek to get a loan to assure that you will pay back the money. Unlike other business options, banks provide you the most flexibility. You can choose the best-suited plan for your business and decide an appropriate time for paying the money back. If you want, you can always pay back the money earlier and end the contract.
Going for a Smart Lease
When starting a new business, you will need to purchase some property or space to set up your business. You may also need to buy equipment, machinery and other things as well. This can be very tough decision to make and a heavy burden to bear. In such a situation, going for a smart lease is a good option for you because doing large down payments will be difficult and painful for you. In this case, you have to pay the money back in instalments at regular intervals of time. The instalment amount, time interval and payment criteria are set before you sign the lease contract. There are, yet again, various options for you to opt for and many plans and packages to make it easier for you to pay the instalments.
Getting funding from friends and family
This is the most flexible and lenient option for you if you are lucky. You might not even have to pledge your property to provide assurance to them. Your family and friends are the people who have faith in you and they trust your abilities. If they are good investors, they can be the best option for you when starting up a business because while others might be looking at your initiative as a big bag of risks, your friends and family will be there to back you up, support you with your idea and help you to make it successful because they are the ones who personally believe that you have the potential to do so.